American Masterpieces from Dryads Green Gallery
(Please Scroll Down and Page Ahead--Catalogue is Alphabetical by Artist Last Name)
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Artist Name:        Walter E. Baum
Artist Dates:         1884 - 1956
Painting Title:       Winter Brook
Painting Date:       1936
Medium:              Oil on Canvasboard
Signature:             Signed Lower Right
Provenance:          Private Collection
Condition:             Very Good
Size Unframed:     16 x 20
Size Framed:         22 x 28
Frame Condition:   Reproduction
Artist Best Price:   $97,750
Offered At:            CALL
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Curator's Comments: Baum was prolific, producing more than 2,000 works in oil, tempera,
watercolor and pastel, which are generally divided into two distinct groups; landscapes of Delaware
River Valley set in Bucks and Berks counties, illustrating woodlands, creeks and the countryside, and
cityscapes of the surrounding small antiquated-industrial towns with detailed architecture, intense
pure color and objects outlined in bright black. One of the only Pennsylvania Impressionists to be
born in historic Bucks County, Baum seemed to thrive on an intimate personal relationship with his
chosen landscape. He often painted the area's seasonal changes working en plein air, occasionally
painting snowstorms in the snowstorm itself. "My father strapped an easel to his car's fender, a
palette to his door and painted away while my mother relaxed in the backseat, reading novels," said
Baum
'son, who bears the name Edgar Schofield Baum, after another famous Pennsylvania
Impressionist, Walter Elmer Schofield. Baum is best known for his mature compositions, particularly
those depicting small rural landscapes and farmsteads that were executed in the 1920s and 1930s.
Clearly his townscapes set in Manayunk, the streets of Allentown and Tamaqua, all in Pennsylvania,
are less attractive, with a theme that suggests an almost human burlesque of the natural
environment. By the 1940s, Baum abandoned oil paint and started to experiment with the media of
tempera and casein with less successful results. We are especially pleased to offer Baum's
Winter
Brook
(painted near Boyertown) because it is one of the most delicate and subtle of these works—
and a painting that can be viewed for a very long time. The rushing brook, alive in the depths of
winter, seems to flow strongly and with a rushing noise that can almost be heard in the silence of the
snow, and veiled trees with reedy branches and the sleeping farm in the rear. This is another
masterpiece of winter art that tells us that there is life in the depths of its stillness and that the
seasons each have an individual theme that stitched together forms nature
's eternal meaning.
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A burlesque townscape, probably  Allentown
Ned Redfield's impressionist influence is clear
Walter Emerson Baum was born in Sellersville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1884. His entire life,
until his death in 1956, was spent in Sellersville, and he had a long and diverse career as a painter,
museum director, teacher and critic. Baum received his initial training in 1904 from William Trego, a
painter of military scenes. He entered the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts six years later, in
1910, and studied with Thomas Eakin's colleague, Thomas Anshutz, who was a major influence on all
the Pennsylvanians, including Redfield, Schofield, Garber, and Robert Henri. Baum was awarded over
thirty prizes and awards from 1918 to 1957, topped by the Sesnan gold medal from PAFA in 1925.

In addition to painting, Baum co-founded and supported the Lehigh Art Alliance in the 1930s. He also
served as Director at the Allentown Museum of Art and headed the Baum School of Art. He wrote
over 500 art reviews for the "Philadelphia Evening Bulletin" and continued to exhibit work at PAFA
annually from 1914-1954. Much of his  work from 1940 on was impacted by the War, and particulalrly
so because Baum (like Schofield), a staunch anti-Nazi, had written a book on his own origins and the
immigrant heritage of Bucks County. He is often considered the "Father of Art in the Lehigh
Valley." His works are included in major collections including the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the
Toledo Art Museum, PAFA, the National Academy of Design, the Michener Art Museum, and the
Allentown Art Museum.  After Baum's death in 1956, Philip and Muriel Berman acquired roughly
1,500 paintings by various Pennsylvania artists from Flora Baum, the artist's wife. Baum's work of the
early 1950s was included, and was left to the Berman Museum of Art at Ursinus College, which
maintains the largest institutional collection of Baum's work. We agree whole heartedly with the
former Curator at the Allentown Art Museum, Dr. Lori Verderame, who having known Baum
personally, writes: “Baum's exhibition record, numerous strong paintings, and his market value
make him a master of the Pennsylvania painters. He was so important, even during his lifetime, that
many artists tried to copy his style and forgeries are still evident and problematic for the Baum
collector. However, as an art historian, there is no question that Baum is a major artist and certainly,
one to watch.
Walter Emerson Baum, 1953
Self-Portrait, ca. 1940
Baum at work, ca.1938